Windows
Windows

Why are they important?

Windows form a necessary part of every residence and building. However it is very important to put them in the right place and size them into the correct shape. Windows are openings, or rather I would put it in this way- they are links and connections which conjugate two spaces , not entirely! but in a controlled, as desired manner. Windows allow only selective  physical transportation.

  1. They are reversible- You can keep them open, you can keep them closed.
  2. You can even control approximately the amount of privacy you want to leak by determining the proper location and size of these openings.
  3. A proper opening letting in the deserved amount of fresh air and sunlight can often elevate your mood and change the work scenario not only in homes but also offices. Who would like toiling in a sultry tired atmosphere?
  4. Taking in charge the approximate duties of air and sunlight, we can conclude that up to a certain degree the location and size of the opening of your room controls the temperature and insulation of the same.
  5. To achieve optimization, one should be able to realize the requirements of the situation and recognize the kind of design of the opening that would manage to fulfill the requirement.
  6. Now when you have your functions optimized, you can look around to see ways to improve the look-a crafted woodwork or colored glass or reliefs.

 

How to locate your windows?

  1. Windows should be located opposite to doors or other windows for achieving cross ventilation– windows on the northern side allow maximum light without glare.
  2. Wind direction and speed.
  3. Buildings in humid regions should have maximum window opening and allow maximum ventilation through calculated locations.
  4. In hot and dry regions windows are small to keep the loo out.
  5. Windows should be located 75 to 100 cm above floor level in private households and 1.75 m above floor level in bathrooms.
  6. Shutters should open outside to check entry of rainwater.
  7. Windows in the external wall should have Chajja to prevent entry of rainwater.
  8. Location of the room.

 

Size of your Windows

Total area of window opening should be more than 20% of the floor area.

Now that you are acquainted with the location and size, it is time that we learn how to select the design of the doors and windows based on utility.

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Types of Windows (in their raw formats)

Fixed Windows

A Fixed Window
A Fixed Window

A glass pane is permanently fixed. It allows vision and no ventilation.

Pivoted windows

Pivoted Windows
Pivoted Windows

Here the shutter is capable of rotating about a horizontal or vertical axis or the pivot.

 

Double hung windows

Double Hung Windows
Double Hung Windows

Consists of a pair of shutters arranged one on top of the other. The shutters can slide along the frame creating an opening either at the top or the bottom.

 

Sliding windows

 

Sliding Window
Sliding Window

The shutters move on roller bearing and can slide either in both right and left directions. Aluminium sliding windows are quite in use these days in residences and public buildings.

 

 

Casement windows:

 

A Timber Glazed Casement Window
A Timber Glazed Casement Window

Windows, where shutters open like doors are called casement windows. There may be more than two shutters arranged one after the other. They may be glazed or panelled.

 

 

Sash or glazed windows:

 

Glazed Sash Windows
Glazed Sash Windows

It consists of a framed opening divided into smaller segments by timer or metal sash bars. It is totally glazed.

 

 

Louvered or ventilated windows

 

Louvered Windows coupled with Glazed Sash window
Louvered Windows coupled with Glazed Sash window

These windows allow ventilation but no vision when closed. They are often used in bathrooms. Incline of the louvers can be adjusted to control amount of sunlight entering.

 

 

Metal windows

 

Steel Framed Glazed Window
Steel Framed Glazed Window

Increasingly used due to high degree of elegance, finishing, durability and they are rust proof as well. Stainless steel windows are a bit costly. Aluminium is cheaper and requires no painting.

 

 

Bay windows

 

Bay Window
Bay Window

These windows project outside the building façade to allow extra sunlight. These windows also improve the elevation of the building. They may be polygonal in plan.

 

 

Clerestory windows:

 

Clerey-Storey Window
Clerey-Storey Window

These windows are installed in rooms which have a greater ceiling height than the surrounding rooms. Besides improving the ventilation of the room, these windows also adds to the beauty of the elevation.

 

Dormer and Gable windows

 

Dormer and Gable Windows
Dormer and Gable Windows

Dormer Windows are vertical windows built in the sloping side of a pitched roof. They are beautiful architectural elements. The window provided in the gable end of the pitched roof is called gable window. Both these windows provide ventilation to the region below the roof.

 

 

Skylights

 

Skylights
Skylights

These types of windows are fixed on the pitched roof, the window being parallel to the slope of roof. They are made waterproof.

 

 

Ventilator

Ventilators
Ventilators

It is a small window installed near the roof of the room to provide ventilation.

 

Accessories

Windows are one of the primary elements of a flat room. A room can be made interesting with the proper implementation of windows. Proper presentation of windows in terms of both look and utility requires some accessories.

 

Storage

Space under Bay Window Sill as Storage
Space under Bay Window Sill as Storage

Wall storage places can often be adjusted under windows with an extended sill. These windows are a modified form of bay windows in reality.

Storages of such types are low lying and therefore vulnerable to damage.

They should be covered.

The interior walls should be given waterproofing treatment as the walls being close to foundation are prone to getting damp.

If you are keeping clothes, make sure they are not subject to attack by termites, which thrive in slightly damp situations.

Seating arrangement on the Storage Space of a Bay Window
Seating arrangement on the Storage Space of a Bay Window

If the sill is low and wide you can also arrange for a sitting arrangement with a natural view backing up the arrangement. In this case the storage place should be covered with sturdy material like wood. Brittle glass should be avoided.

Sometimes even the storage can be totally avoided and the recess created by the bay window be totally employed as extra carpet area.

 

Grills

Grills form an essential part of every window. They are fixed permanently with the structural work.

  1. Grills protect the openings against physical transportation of undesired objects from outside.
  2. In India grills are usual in residential spaces. They protect from possible vandalism and animals.
  3. Often children climb on window sills. So if you have kids in your home, it is advisable to grill all your openings.
Congested Grill Design
Congested Grill Design
Minimal Grill Design
Minimal Grill Design

Grills are made of metal and often are designed beautifully.

  1. Grill patterns should neither be too congested nor too sparse. Try to keep the grill design simple in windows. A heavy design makes windows important which in turn reduces the importance of the landscape outside. The window then psychologically stops functioning as an opening.
  2. Avoid nooks and sharp corners in your design as they become difficult to clean.
  3. They are painted to avoid rusting. The color should go with the design motif and also with the surrounding wall and visible landscape.

Curtains

Curtains are also an accessory which accompanies windows.

  1. Curtains keep out strong winds and dust.
  2. Open windows with closed light curtains filters an optimum amount air and reduces the glare of the sunlight.
  3. In windows without grills, good quality curtain are a must as it is the only source of protection.
Light Blue Shear Curtains
Light Blue Shear Curtains

Summer curtains should be made up of light, translucent materials, that is, ones which can sway with the wind. Summer curtains can sport gay colors with minimalistic design. White, sea blue, light yellow are apt.

Heavy Warm Coloured Curtains
Heavy Warm Coloured Curtains

Winter curtain on the other hand can be made of heavy materials with heavy thread work or congested prints look warm. Warm colors like red and brown serves the warmth.

Good luck!